Smelly cat... smelly cat... what are they feeding you? Sometimes our adorable kitties have an unpleasant litter box smell. To ensure you and your kitty can cohabitate in peace, you may want to reach for your good-smelling oils and diffusers. But before you do that, be sure you know what essential oils are safe for cats so you and your fur baby can enjoy a long, healthy life together.
You may not realize it, but certain scents and pure essential oils like tea tree, citrus, and eucalyptus oil can be harmful toxic oils to your little feline. Many compounds in these pure essential oils contain toxins that can be fatal if your kitty breathes them in or ingests them.
Here are a few things you should know about essential oils that can be used to minimize litter box smell, including a list of harmful household scents and toxic oils you need to watch out for. To help you keep your home smelling not like a litter box, we've also put together a list of non-toxic oil alternatives you can use in your essential oil diffuser to keep your little feline safe while you freshen up your home. Using essential oils to calm an anxious cat? Learn more about how to calm down a cat with anxiety.
Are Essential Oils Harmful to Cats?
There’s nothing quite so purr-fect as coming home to a cuddly little fur baby on the couch in a nicely scented home. But as pleasant as it may be to enjoy essential oils, potpourri, and aromatherapy, some of the compounds in these fragrances can be harmful to your little feline.
It used to be common to treat certain kitty ailments like respiratory problems and ear mite infestations with essential oils. However, over time, studies have shown compelling evidence that many essential oils are toxic to cats whether inhaled, taken orally, or applied to their skin.
In fact, exposure to some essential oils can cause liver failure, respiratory problems, or even fatality in the worst cases.
But if essential oils are healing – and oh so relaxing – for us humans, why do they harm our feline friends?
The answer: phenols.
Phenols are compounds that are naturally found in certain plants and are heavily concentrated in essential oils. Our little furry friends lack the specific enzymes needed to efficiently metabolize phenols and other compounds in essential oils.
What Scents Are Harmful to Cats?
As a kitty parent, you simply want the best for your fur baby. It’s not always easy trying to navigate what’s okay to have in the home (such as knowing the types of plants good for cats) or what you should get rid of.
Certain essential oils can cause "gastrointestinal upset, central nervous system depression and even liver damage could occur if ingested in significant quantities,” according to the ASPCA.
Before we look at what scents are safe for cats, you should know which ones to avoid. The following essential oils contain phenols that could harm your little furball:
- Citrus oil
- Tea tree oil
- Wintergreen oil
- Pine oil
- Peppermint oil
- Eucalyptus oil
- Ylang Ylang oil
- Pennyroyal oil
- Sweet birch oil
- Clove oil
Remember to take precautions if you use any of these oils so your kitty cat doesn’t accidentally contact, ingest, or inhale them. If you enjoy using these essential oils, consider only diffusing them outside of the home, such as at the office, or keep them in a room that your kitty isn't allowed to venture into.
If you use them on your skin, be sure to wash your hands extremely thoroughly before cuddling your precious kitty.
What Are the Signs of Toxic Scent Exposure?
Cats, especially fuzzy-wuzzy ones, can absorb different oils simply by rubbing their fur up against surfaces coated with the oil - whether that's your hands, the side of your essential oil diffuser, or even a counter with a stray droplet.
However, cats can also absorb them by inhaling oil droplets that have been diffused and are floating around in the air. Diffused oils can also land on your little friend's fur which could be ingested while she bathes and cleans herself.
Phenol toxicity can happen over long periods of time or quickly, depending on the level of exposure. The liver is often the organ that is most affected by harmful essential oils since it is where the body tries to process the compounds.
As you can see, essential oil positioning can be a serious threat to your animal. As pet parents, it is your duty to research which essential oils are not safe for cats so you can avoid any kind of toxicity for your four-legged friend.
Some common signs your kitty may have been exposed to harmful scents include:
- Watery nose
- Watery eyes
- Low Heart Rate
- Low blood pressure
- Ataxia (wobbliness)
- Difficulty Breathing
- Liver failure
If you use essential oils and you notice any of these symptoms in your kitty, take her to the veterinary hospital immediately to treat them for essential oil poisoning.
You can also call the ASCPA Animal Poison Control Center (APCC) at (888) 426-4435 for advice in emergency situations. They are open 24 hours a day, 365 days a year, bless their feline-loving hearts.
What Essential Oil Scents Are Safe for Cats, Fur Real?
Don't worry, you don't need to give up on your favorite diffuser or oil-infused potpourri just yet. Not all scents are harmful to kitties or will cause any kind of essential oil toxicity. There's still a way you and your little feline can enjoy a meow-nificent, aromatic home.
If you're wondering what essential oil scents are safe for cats, you should first understand which plants are non-toxic to cats, since essential oils are derived from our green friends.
According to the ASPCA, the following plants are feline-friendly:
- Easter Lily Cactus
- Lemon Balm
However, just because these plants are safe for kitties, it doesn't mean that the essential oils derived from them are always safe. Plants in their natural, whole form have relatively low concentrations of phenols and other compounds that can cause toxicity effects.
In essential oils, however, you'll find much higher percentages of potentially harmful toxins. Additionally, different essential oil manufacturers include different concentrations of the various components of the plants' oils.
At the end of the day, it’s always best to research each individual oil you plan to use before diffusing them in an area where your kitty will wander or wearing them on your skin.
For specific questions about your kitty's safety, call your local veterinarian or meet with your vet in person for more information about what scents are safe for cats so you and your little fur baby can enjoy a paw-sitive, healthy home life.
Of course, one of the best ways to reduce harmful scents in your home is to eliminate the need by stopping odors before they start. Health monitoring crystals in litter can help trap odor while allowing moisture to evaporate. "Smelly cat" just became "happy cat!"
Have a personal story to share about your fur baby's experience with essential oils? Leave a comment below of your experience with different scents in the home. You may end up helping other cat parents by sharing your experience.